Cyclone@2 Years

With Revisit time of cyclone for the Odisha Coast is nearly two years; the Coastal State has turned out to be most frequently cyclone affected state in the country.

While East Coast of India is one of the most cyclone prone areas of the world, Odisha is twice as vulnerable as compared to other Eastern States and it has turned out to be a ‘Disaster Zone’.
During last decade, the State has faced one or other forms of disasters like Cyclone, Flood, Tornado or Drought every year.

From 1891 to 2000 number of cyclones, severe cyclone and super cyclones that have crossed Odisha Coast are 98, which is highest among all the East Coast States.

Latest Report of the State Government on Vulnerability to Cyclone reveals that while Odisha is only 17 Percent of the Indian East Coast, it has been affected by nearly 35 Percent of all cyclone and severe cyclones that have crossed the East Coast.

Cyclonic storms that have hit East Coast and associated storm surges that have often inundated large tracts of Coastal Odisha cause large scale damage to life and properties.

As per Report, during 1891-2000, while Odisha faced 98 cyclones, West Bengal faced 69, while Andhra Pradesh experienced 79. Kerala,03 and Karnataka, 02 only.

So Odisha is facing more number of cyclones as compared to its neighbors like Andhra Pradesh and West Bengal.

While Odisha had first impact of Super Cyclone way back on 7-12 October, 1737, another Super Cyclone crossed Odisha Coast at False Point on 22 September, 1885 and took toll of 5000 lives.
Odisha was impacted by another Super Cyclone on 14-20 November, 1977, which crossed Andhra Pradesh near Nizampatnam and similarly another Super Cyclone impacted Odisha, which crossed Andhra Pradesh near Machlipatnam on 4-11 May, 1990.

Odisha faced Super Cyclone on 29-31 October, 1999, which crossed near Paradip on 29 October, 1999 devastating the State, which resulted in killing of over 10,000 people.

The State faced first Very Severe Cyclones are concerned, on 31 October, 1831, which crossed Odisha Coast near Balasore and loss of life was a whopping 50,000.

On 2-5 October, 1864 Very Severe Cyclone crossed West Bengal near Contai had impact on Odisha.

1-2 November, 1864, Very Severe Cyclone crossed Andhra Pradesh near Machlipatnam and had impact on Odisha.

14-16 October, 1942 a Very Severe Cyclone crossed West Bengal near Contai and had impact over Odisha.

8-11 October, 1967 a Very Severe Cyclone crossed Odisha Coast between Puri and Paradip.

On 26-30 October, a Very Severe Cyclone crossed Odisha Coast near Paradip and loss of life was 10,000.

12-14 October, 2013, Very Severe Cyclone, Phailin crossed Odisha Coast near Gopalpur.

12-14 October, 2014 Very Severe Cyclone Hudhud crossed Andhra Pradesh at Visakhapatnam and impact was on South Odisha.

10-12 October, 2018, Titli, another Very Severe Cyclone crossed near Palasa in Andhra Pradesh on 11 October and had serious impact on Ganjam, Gajapati, Rayagada and Kandhamal so also resulted in severe floods in Nine Districts.

And on 13 May, 2019 Odisha faced wrath of Extremely Severe Cyclonic Storm-FANI devastating Puri, Khurda and Bhubaneswar badly and affecting total 14 districts.

The Building Material Technology Promotion Council (BMTPC) of the Ministry of Urban Development, based on Hazard Vulnerability has identified Cyclone Prone Districts of Odisha taking into consideration the Cyclone Hazards of the Coastal Area.

As per Wind and Cyclone Hard Zones Map of Odisha, out of 30 Districts of the State, 14 Districts are categorized as ‘High Damage Risk Zone’; either Fully or Partially, said a senior officer in the State Government.

eXTReMe Tracker
Powered by Catalyst IT Solutions Pvt. Ltd.