Calf Born To Surrogate Cow

A healthy female test tubecalf was delivered by a surrogate mother cow through In Vitro Fertilisation technique, commonly known as IVF, through the intervention of a mobile IVF lab at VrindavanTharparkar Desi Cow Club in Bhukum, Pune District, around 18 km from here at 2:35 am on 2 September 2017.The new born calfis named as “Gauri”. The whole process was undertaken by JK BovaGenix, an initiative of JK Trust, one of the largest NGOs working towards ‘Cattle and Buffalo Breed Improvement’ in India.

The process involved a highly advanced technique which requires high precision and accuracy and is similar to ‘test tube baby’ in humans,” said Dr Shyam Zawar, CEO of JK Trust and Chief Scientist, JK BovaGenix, who led the entire process. The scientific team comprised of Dr. Vinod Patil, Dr. Pradeep Tiwari, Dr. Ramakant Kaushik and Dr. Amol Sahare.
“A specially designed mobile laboratory - the ET-IVF Van - was taken to VrindavanTharparkarDesi Cow Club, where the oocytes, or immature eggs, were collected from donor cow (THA-192267) on November 8th2016,” said Dr Zawar. Dr. Vijaypat Singhania - Chairman of JK Trust, Mr. ChandrakantBharekar -Founder of VrindavanTharparkarDesi Cow Cluband the team from both the organizations were present at the occasion. The aspirated oocytes were fertilized with semen of high pedigree bulls, which resulted in the production of good quality viable embryos.

“These embryos were transferred fresh into the recipient cows on November 16, 2016, and after completing the pregnancy period, the recipient cow delivered a healthy female calf on 2nd September, “informed Dr Zawar.
He said that in last few years, the indigenous cow breeds such as Gir, Tharparkar, Sahiwal, Khillar and several others are dwindling as a cross breeding is happening at a large scale and there is a need to protect these breeds in its original form.
“Generally a cow, in her average 15 years of lifetime, can give birth to 10 calves maximum, however, using IVF technique, the same cow can give birth to 20 calves in a year and if you multiply it with 10 years, the same cow will give birth to 200 calves,” he said.
He added that in the present case, the donor cow belongs to Tharparkar breed found in Rajasthan and has an average milk yield of around 1750 kgs of milk per lactation, with a potential to go upwards of 3000 kgs per lactation in case of animals with good genetics and which are maintained under good nutrition and management practices.
‘JK BovaGenix’ initiative has been conceptualized in the year 2016 under the guidance of Dr Vijaypat Singhania, Chairman of JK Trust, to popularize advanced assisted reproductive technologies in cattle for faster genetic improvement of indigenous cattle population.

For embryo Transfer, we can use either ‘fresh embryos’ or ‘frozen embryos’. India’s first IVF calf from ‘frozen IVF embryo’ was produced at the farm of JK BovaGenix located at Gopalnagar in December 2016. Coincidentally, the first IVF calf from frozen IVF embryo also belonged to ‘Tharparkar’ breed. The first IVF Gircalf born at farmer’s doorsteps using Mobile ET-IVF Van was named as “Vijay” and was born at RachanaKhillar Farm, owned by Mr.Majid Khan Pathan in a village in Indapur in Maharashtra on August 20,2017.

Similar ET-IVF works are being undertaken at farmers’ doorsteps in various states of India using our Mobile ET-IVF Van, where oocytes are aspirated from donor cows of indigenous breeds (Gir, Sahiwal, Ongole, Khillar, Tharparkaretc), and are developed into embryos and transferred into surrogate cows.

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