A pilot project has been undertaken in Baliguda sub-division of Kandhamal district to enable tribal women self help groups to engage in poultry farming on a large scale in Public Private Community Partnership (PPCP) model.
The project was implemented through Kandhamal Poultry Development Corporation Limited. KPDCL, a special purpose vehicle (SPV) company registered under the Companies Act with 26 Percent shareholding by the State Government, 49 Percent by the SHG members and 25 Percent by the poultry integrator has encouraged poultry farming by the women SHG groups. The account is maintained by KPDCL, which is answerable to ITDA, Baliguda.
ITDA, Baliguda, which initiated the project, had taken steps to build the capacity of the different stake holders and guide the intervention through regular monitoring of the progress. The local veterinary staff of Fisheries and Animal Resources Development Department had given technical assistance along with training of SHG members. Under the project, poultry sheds, each costing about Rs 2.5 lakh, were constructed by ITDA for the SHG groups under Focus Area Development programme.
ITDA also provided facilities like water, electricity, infrastructure supports such as transportation and conveyance and office space for staffs, financial support for imparting training to SHG members/ staff of KPDCL and administrative expenses of staff wages.
All the selected SHGs members and individual farmers have been given one day exposure in the established poultry farm. ITDA facilitated three days’ training for SHG members on scientific poultry farming by the government veterinary officers. KPDCL has engaged a private poultry integrator, Bhairabi Agro, to facilitate poultry activities. The support of the private poultry integrator was vital to ensure both input supply and marketing linkage.
SHGs have been provided with poultry sheds for rearing of broiler birds. The integrator ensures smooth availability of basic inputs like day-old broiler chicks, poultry feed, medicine and vaccines to the broiler farms managed by SHGs. Integrator also provides technical support along with product quality control and management of broiler farms located at different SHG sites.
Poultry shed of 1,200 square feet has been constructed and 1,200 birds per batch are kept in the broiler house in all in all out system. Each SHG rears 1,200 birds per batch and they receive rearing cost for each batch after 45 days of rearing. Currently, 24 farms are operational and broiler birds weighing 5,53,300 kg have been marketed successfully. SHGs have reared a total 243 batches (average 10 batches/ group) till date and earned Rs. 22.24 lakhs towards rearing cost.
Additional subsidy in Tribal Area Sub-Plan (TSP) area for poultry ventures along with provisioning of land for setting up of feed plant, breeder farm will be provided to the private players to take up integration. Reducing input cost would also attract investment. The KPDCL is planning to have its own hatchery, breeding farm and feed mill to ensure regularity in input supply. It is also exploring for opening self-managed retail points at different block/ panchayat headquarters for sale of fresh chicken.
In a meeting held recently under the chairmanship of the Chief Secretary, it was decided that the the present operation of KPDCL to be scaled up to 200 units, a half of them with the support from ITDA (SCA to TSP) and the balance from MGNREGA scheme in the first phase. Considering its success, it will be scaled up in subsequent years.
These 200 units to be linked up with bankable schemes. Rearing of dual purpose poultry like Kalinga Brown/ Vanaraj/ Rainbow Rooster will be taken on pilot basis, as it would reduce the feed cost and provide nutritional support to tribal families.
Locally available cheaper raw material will be used in the construction of the poultry sheds under schemes like MGNREGA to reduce cost of construction of sheds. New units will be established where basic facilities like water, electricity and communication are available.
Besides, the District Administration will earmark suitable patches of land free of cost/ nominal rate for breeders/ layer units and feed plant and suggest the Animal Husbandry Department to move the Revenue and Disaster Management Department to consider the proposal.