Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik said that Odisha has been successful in reducing Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) significantly. While in 2000 IMR in the State was an alarming 96 in every 1000, it has dropped down to 40 in 1000 in 2015-16, said Mr.Patnaik.
He further said that Odisha’s position vis-à-vis other states like Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, Assam, Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan and Bihar in this indicator is much better as shown in the National Family Health Survey IV.
Chief Secretary Aditya Prasad Padhi, Development Commissioner R Balakrishnan, Principal Secretary To CM, Rajesh Verma, Secretary Women & Child Development, Vishal Dev and Secretary Health & Family Welfare Pramod Kumar Meherda were present in the meeting.
Notably, the national average of IMR in 2000 was 68 and after dropping 27 points it became 41 in 2015-16. Whereas during the same period Odisha has registered a drop of 56 points, informed officials of Health and Family Welfare and Women and Child Development to the Chief Minister during a review meeting held at the State Secretariat here today.
What is all the more significant is while national average dropped only 16 points during the time between NFHS 3 (2005-06) and NFHS 4 (2015-16), Odisha registered a drop of 25 points and this drop is much more than what many other States in the country achieved during the same period, said the officials.
Similarly, there has been a very significant improvement in institutional delivery in the State, said Mr.Patnaik. While institutional delivery percentage was only 35.6 during NFHS 3 survey in 2005-06, it went up to 85.4 pc by NFHS 4 survey in 2015-16 registering a growth of 49.8 pc.
Apart from IMR and institutional delivery, Odisha has also fared well in other health indicators, he said.
While mortality rate of children below 5 years of age at national level in 2015-16 was recorded 50, in Odisha it was 49. There has also been a decrease in the nutrition indicators such as Underweight (0-5 yrs) and Stunting( 0-5 yrs).Other indicators such as Early Initiation of Breast Feeding, Exclusive Breast Feeding, Complementary feeding have also increased in a significant manner as compared to the national average.
The recently released India Fact Sheet of the National Family Health Survey-IV reveals the status of nutrition in the country. A comparative analysis of the results with that of Odisha shows that the State has shown good progress in almost all nutrition indicators.
With an IMR of 40, there has been a 25 point decline and it is lower than the national average. There has also been a decrease in the nutrition indicators such as Underweight (0-5 yrs) and Stunting( 0-5 yrs).Other indicators such as Early initiation of Breast Feeding, Exclusive Breast Feeding, Complementary feeding have also increased signi?cantly compared to the national average.
Decentralisation of SNP in 2011 under the ICDS scheme has played a major role in improving the indicators. With the revision of the ration cost and standardization of the weekly menu for Morning Snacks, Hot cooked meals and THR, calorie and protein requirement for each category has been ensured. Introduction of 3 eggs (weekly) for the Pre School children and 2 eggs (weekly) for the severely underweight, Pregnant Women and Lactating mothers has also helped in addressing the nutritional requirements. The process of decentralisation has been widely appreciated and has also been appreciated by the Commissioners of the Supreme Court and they have advised other States to replicate the model.
Mamata, a Flagship programme of the State Government has bene?tted more than 25 lakh women in the State. It is the largest conditional cash transfer (DBT) maternity bene?t scheme implemented in the country. The scheme providing monetary support to the pregnant and lactating women has enabled them to seek improved nutrition and also promoted health seeking behaviour. It has thus has made a signi?cant contribution for ensuring the health of mothers and infants, Mr.Patnaik said.
Expressing deep satisfaction over the success of the State government in the field of Health and Nutrition, Mr.Patnaik said, “It was a great challenge before me when I took over charge in 2000”. I am extremely happy and I will write personally to AASA workers, Anganwadi workers and SHG activists thanking them for achieving this great feat, a visibly elated chief minister said.